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Labiaplasty or Labia reduction surgery is a surgical procedure that aims to reshape and reduce the size of the labia minora, which are the folds of skin surrounding the vaginal opening. 

Reasons for Labiaplasty Surgery

Labiaplasty surgery is primarily performed for the following reasons:

  1. Cosmetic concerns: Some individuals may feel self-conscious or unhappy with the size, shape, or symmetry of their labia. Labiaplasty can help enhance the appearance of the genital area, improve self-esteem, and increase overall satisfaction with one's body.

  2. Physical Discomfort: Enlarged or elongated labia can cause discomfort during activities such as exercise, sexual intercourse, or wearing tight clothing. Labiaplasty aims to alleviate physical discomfort and improve overall comfort and quality of life.

  3. Functional Issues: In some cases, enlarged labia can interfere with daily activities, such as cycling, horseback riding, or certain sports. Labiaplasty can help restore functionality and enable individuals to participate in these activities without discomfort or restrictions.

Preparing for Your Consultation

Before your labiaplasty consultation, it's essential to gather relevant information and prepare yourself. Consider the following steps:

  1. Research: Educate yourself about labiaplasty surgery, including the procedure, risks, benefits, and potential outcomes. This will enable you to have an informed discussion with your surgeon.

  2. Find a Qualified Surgeon: Look for a board-certified specialist plastic surgeon experienced in performing labiaplasty procedures. Check their credentials, read reviews, and ask about experience with this procedure.

  3. Write Down Your Questions: Make a list of questions or concerns you have about the procedure, recovery, and potential outcomes. This will ensure you have all the necessary information during your consultation.

  4. Understand Expectations: Reflect on your motivations for surgery and have a clear understanding of your expectations. Discuss these with your surgeon to ensure they align with realistic outcomes.

  5. You will need a GP referral, preferably from your usual GP
  6. Prior to your consultation, you will need to complete a cosmetic surgery readiness questionnaire.

General Risks of Surgery

As with any surgical procedure, labiaplasty carries general risks, including:

  1. Infection: There is a risk of infection at the surgical site. Following your surgeon's post-operative care instructions and keeping the area clean will help minimize this risk.

  2. Bleeding: Excessive bleeding during or after surgery is possible, although rare. Your surgeon will take steps to minimize bleeding during the procedure and provide instructions for managing it afterward.

  3. Scarring: While efforts are made to minimize scarring, there is a possibility of visible scars. Most surgeons use techniques that result in well-concealed incisions.

  4. Changes in Sensation: Some individuals may experience temporary or permanent changes in genital sensation, including numbness or increased sensitivity.

Specific Risks of Surgery

In addition to general risks, specific risks associated with labiaplasty surgery may include:

  1. Asymmetry: Achieving perfect symmetry may be challenging, and slight asymmetry may be present after surgery. Your surgeon will aim for balance and proportion but cannot guarantee perfect symmetry.

  2. Over-reduction or Under-reduction: There is a risk of removing too much or too little tissue during the procedure, potentially leading to an unsatisfactory outcome. Clear communication with your surgeon about your desired results is crucial.

  3. Pigmentation Changes: The surgical site may experience temporary or permanent changes in pigmentation, resulting in lighter or darker areas compared to the surrounding skin.


Labiaplasty surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia.  There are different surgical techniques for labiaplasty, including:

  1. a. Trim Technique: In this method, excess tissue is removed from the edge of the labia, and the remaining edges are sutured together.

    b. Wedge Technique: This approach involves removing a triangular-shaped wedge of tissue from the labia and suturing the remaining edges together.

    c. Combination Technique: Some surgeons may combine both the trim and wedge techniques to achieve the desired outcome.

Recovery and Aftercare: After your labiaplasty surgery, you can expect the following:

  1. Recovery Time: The initial recovery period typically lasts 1 to 2 weeks. Most individuals can return to work and light activities after 1-2 weeks but should avoid strenuous exercise or sexual activity for at least 4 to 6 weeks.

  2. Discomfort and Swelling: Mild to moderate discomfort and swelling in the surgical area are common. Your surgeon may prescribe pain medication to manage any discomfort.

  3. Follow Post-Operative Instructions: It's crucial to follow your surgeon's instructions regarding wound care, hygiene, and activity restrictions to promote proper healing and minimize complications.

  4. Sexual Activity: You should avoid sexual activity, including vaginal penetration, for the recommended duration provided by your surgeon to allow sufficient healing time.

  5. Results and Final Outcome: It may take several weeks or months to see the final results of your labiaplasty. Your surgeon will provide guidance on what to expect during the healing process.

Labiaplasty surgery is a personal decision that should be carefully considered after discussing your concerns, expectations, and potential risks with a qualified surgeon. By preparing for your consultation, understanding the risks and benefits, and following the recommended aftercare instructions, you can enhance your chances of a successful outcome and achieve the desired results.

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Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.

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Key Questions about Labiaplasty

Labiaplasty is a procedure in which excess skin and tissue is removed from the genital area in order to improve comfort, as well as the overall appearance of the labia. The procedure works to achieve a more proportionate and balanced look by getting rid of loose or excess skin on the labia. The procedure can be performed on the labia major, which refers to the larger, outer lips of the vagina; or the labia minor, the smaller, inner vaginal lips.

There are a number of factors that can contribute to excess skin and tissue in the genital area. Some reasons for excess skin include childbirth, ageing, trauma or congenital defects. This excess skin can sometimes cause pain and discomfort during everyday activities. In some cases, excess skin can also cause self-consciousness during intimacy, while some women simply wish to improve the overall appearance of the genital area by having skin and tissue removed.

The procedure itself is relatively quick, but it is quite normal to experience some pain for a few days following surgery. We will prescribe medication to help manage any discomfort at this time. You may also notice some swelling and bruising, so we recommend that you rest as much as possible for a few days after surgery and minimise walking for up to three days. After around a week, you should be able to walk normally and resume most of your normal activities. After around three to four weeks, your stitches will have dissolved, and by six weeks following surgery you should feel almost completely healed. It’s important to note that you may only start to see the results of your procedure between four and six months after surgery.